A New Punch Profile Design for Orbital Forging of a Bevel Gear Part
The difficulty in forging of bevel gear with an outside diameter larger than 75mm is due to the high forming load requirement. In this paper, a new intuitive method for the punch and preform design of the bevel gear warm orbital forging is proposed to lower the forging load and improve the die filling. The geometry of the forged bevel gear are divided into characteristic features and mapped to the main dimensions of the preform design. The exact dimensions of the preform are determined utilizing constraints of the volume constancy and the section centroid balance. The surface of punch tip is designed using the section profile described by a Bezier curve with five control points which are related to the preform and the forged part geometry simultaneously. The forming process was analyzed via the FEM simulation. The die stress was also calculated to prevent die failure and improve tool life. A PXW-200 orbital forging press was adopted for the experimental tests of the proposed designs. The unfilled area at the teeth faces were examined via the laser scanner. The experimental results of the maximum unfilled distances were varied from 0.3 mm to 0.8mm depending on the different punch tip profile design. The predicted tooth profiles were in good agreement with the experimental measurements.
M. S. J. Hashmi, B. S. Yilbas and S. Naher
J. J. Sheu and M.S. He, "A New Punch Profile Design for Orbital Forging of a Bevel Gear Part", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 83-86, pp. 113-124, 2010