The Applicability of GRP and NRP Composites in Rehabilitation of Unpressurized Pipes
Glass fiber reinforced polymer (GRP) and needle reinforced polymer (NRP) composites have been used to produce a new kind of thin cross section liner for rehabilitation of in ground sewer pipes. The liner made from resin impregnated glass fiber woven (or plastic needle felt) is in-placed and cured for the rehabilitation of deteriorated pipe. This technique is entitled as cured in place pipe (CIPP) and penetrating to all over the world. Among the renovation technologies, CIPP appears less expensive and more promising than other techniques. CIPP liners are made up of several reinforcement layers impregnated with various thermosetting resins such as epoxy, vinyl ester and unsaturated polyester. Different woven geometries can be used for the felt and tube. In this study, the experimental results obtained from cured composites are given. The mechanical characteristics of CIPP tubes manufactured with different materials were given. Specifically glass fiber and synthetic felt impregnated in thermosetting unsaturated polyester resin were investigated. Standard three point flexural tests were carried out on specimens cut out from the cured liners. Beside these three point flexural tests, abrasive and erosive wear tests were also performed on these samples.
M. S. J. Hashmi, B. S. Yilbas and S. Naher
A. Akinci et al., "The Applicability of GRP and NRP Composites in Rehabilitation of Unpressurized Pipes", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 83-86, pp. 563-570, 2010