Cloud Point Extraction and Spectrophotometry Determination of Lead in Environment Water Using 5-Br-PADAP
A simple, sensitive, green and low cost detection method based on the cloud point extraction (CPE) separation and spectrophotometry was proposed for the determination of lead. In pH=9.0 H3BO3 buffer solution, Pb(II) reacts with 2-(5-bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-diethylaminophenol (5-Br-PADAP) in the presence of Triton X-100 yielding a hydrophobic complex, which then is extracted into micro-volume surfactant-rich phase. The calibration graph was linear in the range of 20-400 µg/L (at 560 nm). Under the optimized conditions, the detection limits of 10.94 µg/L and the relative standard deviations(RSD) of 2.0% (n=5) for Lead(II) were found, respectively. The sensitivity and absorbance of this method are at least five times higher when compared with that of usual 5-Br-PADAP spectrophotometry without CPE, and the proposed method has been applied to the determination of Lead in environment water samples with satisfactory results.
Helen Zhang, David Jin and X.J. Zhao
L. Gao et al., "Cloud Point Extraction and Spectrophotometry Determination of Lead in Environment Water Using 5-Br-PADAP", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 830, pp. 345-348, 2014