Electrostriction of Natural Rubber Latex/Carbon Black Nanocomposites
The purpose of this paper is to investigate an electrostrictive behavior of natural rubber (NR) and NR composites filled with carbon black (CB) nanopowders below percolation threshold. These NR elastomers present advantageous features such as a high productivity, elasticity, and ease of processing. In addition, such materials also exhibit the high induced strain and low young modulus for electrostrictive materials that can be used as actuators and energy harvesting. The NR and all composites were prepared by using solution casting method. The electrostrictive property of the composites was evaluated at low electric field (E 5 MV/m) by measuring the electric field induced strain Sz with the photonic displacement apparatus. The surface morphology of the samples was observed by the atomic force microscopy (AFM) and their electrical properties were analyzed as function of concentration and frequency in a range of 102105 Hz. The results show that the dielectric constant and the dielectric loss decrease when the frequency was increased. Moreover, the dielectric constant and the electrical conductivity strongly increase with increasing the CB contents, relate to interfacial charge distribution. While the dielectric loss slightly increases with increasing filler concentration. The electrostriction coefficient tended to increase with a higher CB loading. In comparison at CB 1 wt%, it was found that the electrostriction coefficient of NR composites is approximately 7 times larger than the pure NR. The NR nanocomposites thus seem to be very attractive for low frequency electromechanical applications.
Charoen Nakason, Anoma Thitithammawong and Suwalux Wisunthorn
D. Jaaoh et al., "Electrostriction of Natural Rubber Latex/Carbon Black Nanocomposites", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 844, pp. 259-262, 2014