Plasma Surface Modification of 316L Stainless Steel for Cardiovascular Stent Coating


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Coronary stents are metallic (316L stainless steel) devices employed during balloon angioplasty to reopen and prevent the re-obstruction of a diseased narrowed area within a coronary artery. To reduce restenosis rate, bare metal stent coating is a promising solution. The coating can act as an anticorrosive barrier against the aggressive properties of biological environment, improving the long-term safety of the device. The goal of this study is to develop a dry process to isolate metallic surface from the biological environment by depositing a thin plasma polymerized allylamine (CH2=CH-CH2-NH2) film on the metallic surface. Plasma polymerized allylamine films were deposited on flat electropolished 316L stainless steel samples in a low pressure plasma reactor (70 kHz). Chemical composition of the coatings has been analysed as a function of the discharge power and treatment time. Moreover, special attention has been paid on the stability of the coating after immersion during 24 hours in D.I. water. Finally, to mimic stent expansion conditions, a “small punch test” has been used to investigate the adhesive properties of the coating. Our results demonstrate that is possible to deposit a stable, cohesive and adhesive plasma polymerized allylamine thin film which can be used as a coating for cardiovascular stents



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 89-91)

Edited by:

T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu






E. Gallino et al., "Plasma Surface Modification of 316L Stainless Steel for Cardiovascular Stent Coating", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 89-91, pp. 196-201, 2010

Online since:

January 2010




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