Isothermal Aging Behavior in Ti-10 Cr-Al Alloys for Medical Applications
The effect of Al addition on the elastic modulus and aging behavior in Ti-10 Cr alloys was investigated by means of electrical resistivity, X-ray diffractometry and Vickers hardness measurements. All of the alloys used were formed from solutions treated at 1173 K for 3.6 ks and then quenched into ice water (STQ). Following STQ, all Al-containing specimens exhibited a phase, with the athermal appearing only for alloys with zero Al addition. The elastic modulus was found to decrease with addition of Al from approximately 80 to 70 GPa, due to the suppression of the athermal . The specimens following STQ were isothermally aged at 573 K, 673 K and 773 K. The addition of Al was found to retard the onset of precipitation of the isothermal phase and decrease the upper limit temperature for precipitation of this phase. On the other hand, as the Al content was increased, precipitation of the phase was accelerated in the presence of an existing isothermal phase. By contrast, this precipitation was suppressed under single phase conditions. Surface modification for osteointegration was also performed. When the modified specimens were immersed in simulated body fluid, the surface modification was found to promote the deposition of HAp.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
S. Hatanaka et al., "Isothermal Aging Behavior in Ti-10 Cr-Al Alloys for Medical Applications", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 89-91, pp. 232-237, 2010