Numerical Simulation of Residual Thermal Stresses in AA7050 Alloy during DC-Casting Using ALSIM5
Non-homogenous cooling rates and solidification conditions during DC-casting of high strength aluminum alloys result in the formation and accumulation of residual thermal stresses with different signs and magnitudes in different locations of the billet. Rapid propagation of micro-cracks in the presence of thermal stresses can lead to catastrophic failure in the solid state, which is called cold cracking. Numerical models can simulate the thermomechanical behavior of an ingot during casting and after solidification and reveal the critical cooling conditions that result in catastrophic failure, provided that the constitutive parameters of the material represent genuine as-cast properties. Simulation of residual thermal stresses of an AA7050 alloy during DC-casting by means of ALSIM5 showed that in the steady-state conditions large compressive stresses formed near the surface of the billet in the circumferential direction. Stresses changed sign on moving towards the centre of the billet and became tensile with high magnitudes in radial and transverse directions, which made the alloy prone to hot and cold cracking.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
M. Lalpoor et al., "Numerical Simulation of Residual Thermal Stresses in AA7050 Alloy during DC-Casting Using ALSIM5", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 89-91, pp. 319-324, 2010