Quantitative Analysis of Variant Selection and Orientation Relationships during the γ-to-α Phase Transformation in Hot-Rolled TRIP Steels


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The orientation relationships that apply to the fcc (γ) – bcc (α) phase transformation in high-performance hot-rolled TRIP-aided steels were characterised by EBSD techniques. A statistical treatment of the experimental data allows the mean orientation relationship to be determined. This mean orientation relationship was compared to the models commonly proposed in the literature and confronted qualitatively to the predictions of the phenomenological theory of martensite crystallography (PTMC). The variant selection phenomenon was also characterized quantitatively at the level of individual austenite grains. The reconstruction of the EBSD maps evidences that bainite grows by packets in which the bainite laths share a common {111}γ plane in the austenite. This growth mechanism is not influenced by the prior hot deformation of the austenite. The hot deformation has a critical influence on the number of packets that forms. The analysis of the crystallographic features of the bainite packets reveals that all possible variants are formed in a packet, though in different proportions.



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 89-91)

Edited by:

T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu




L. Malet et al., "Quantitative Analysis of Variant Selection and Orientation Relationships during the γ-to-α Phase Transformation in Hot-Rolled TRIP Steels", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 89-91, pp. 359-364, 2010

Online since:

January 2010




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