Cold Spray Characteristics of Commercially Pure Ti and Ti-6Al-4V
Ti and Ti-6Al-4V coatings were deposited by cold gas dynamic spray process using nitrogen as propellant gas. For Ti, the inlet gas temperature and pressure were varied for two different powder morphologies in such a way that the average particle velocity ranged from ~600 to 850 m/s. In addition, the nozzle traverse speed was varied. For all conditions, the deposition efficiency, the porosity, and the microhardness were measured. It is shown that the porosity level decreased as the gas temperature and pressure increased, whereas the velocity, deposition efficiency, and microhardness increased. Furthermore, it is observed that a lower nozzle traverse speed engendered a softer coating. The coating adhesion on a grit 24 Al2O3 blasted mild steel surface was established to be greater than 78.8 MPa. In addition, a Ti-6Al-4V coating was produced and was determined to be slightly more porous compared to a CP Ti coating.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
W. Wong et al., "Cold Spray Characteristics of Commercially Pure Ti and Ti-6Al-4V", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 89-91, pp. 639-644, 2010