Magnetic Properties and Microstructures of Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)-Coated Cobalt Ferrite (CoFe2O4) Nanoparticles Synthesized by Coprecipitation Method


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Magnetic nanoparticles of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) have been synthesized by co-precipitation method with various synthesis temperatures, concentration of NaOH and stirring duration. The results showed that nanoparticles have well crystallized structure with various grain sizes which depend on synthesis parameters. The grain size increased with increasing synthesis temperature, decreasing concentration of NaOH and decreasing stirring duration. Magnetic characterization of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles measured by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) showed that coercive field was decrease with the decreasing of particle size. The saturation and remnant magnetization showed increasing when crystallinity increased. However, it also depends on presence of α-Fe2O3 phases and their grain size. Based on magnetic characterization analysis, sample with parameter of synthesis temperature 80°C, concentration of NaOH 5 M and stirring duration 120 minutes have been selected to be modified using polyethylene glycol (PEG)-4000. XRD and TEM analysis showed that surface modification with PEG-4000 could increase the crystallinity of nanoparticles, decrease agglomeration and control the shape to more spherical. VSM analysis showed that modification PEG-4000 could decrease the saturation magnetization which is due to the existence of α-FeO(OH) and γ-FeO(OH) phases from bonds at interface of CoFe2O4 as confirmed by XRD and Furrier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) analysis. Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles, CoFe2O4, copresipitation, PEG-4000



Edited by:

Kuwat Triyana, Khairurrijal, Risa Suryana, Heru Susanto and Sutikno






E. Suharyadi et al., "Magnetic Properties and Microstructures of Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)-Coated Cobalt Ferrite (CoFe2O4) Nanoparticles Synthesized by Coprecipitation Method", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 896, pp. 126-133, 2014

Online since:

February 2014




* - Corresponding Author

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