The Effect of Paste Preparation and Annealing Temperature of ZnO Photoelectrode to Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC) Performance
Dye-sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) have been successfully fabricated by using ZnO nanoparticles (NPs). The ZnO photoelectrode was prepared by using pastes solved in water-based and ethanol-based solvent. The ZnO NPs was synthesized by copresipitation method, prepared by reaction from Zinc Acetate with diethylene glycol (DEG). The obtained ZnO NPs has 13.93 nm particle diameter. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed that ZnO NPs from monodisperse spherical aggregate with particle diameter of approximately 300nm. The band gap was found of 3.29eV. Variations of annealing temperature were carried out in photo-electrode fabrication. This work employs extracts from mangosteen pericarp as natural dye for fabrication of DSSCs. DSSCs were fabricated in sandwich structure with redox couple electrolyte I3-/I- and Pt-catalyst counter electrode. The best efficiency of 0.11% (Voc = 232.4 mV, Jsc = 111.6 µA/cm2, FF = 61.41 %) was obtained for DSSCs using ZnO photo-electrode prepared by ethanol-based paste and 200°C of annealing temperature.
Kuwat Triyana, Khairurrijal, Risa Suryana, Heru Susanto and Sutikno
A. Syukron et al., "The Effect of Paste Preparation and Annealing Temperature of ZnO Photoelectrode to Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC) Performance", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 896, pp. 183-186, 2014