Comparison between Slip Casting and Cold Isostatic Pressing for the Fabrication of Nanostructured Zirconia
Consolidation of ceramic parts may be achieved by several techniques, including the slip casting and cold isostatic pressing (CIP) methods. In the present work, the performances of the two methods are compared in the fabrication of nanostructured zirconia compacts for dental crown applications. First, a zirconia suspension suitable for slip casting was prepared. The rheological properties of the zirconia suspension were optimized by adding a dispersant agent and controlling the pH. Zirconia slurries were then slip-cast into a pellet. Second, another group of zirconia pellets were fabricated using uniaxial pressing and were then cold-isostatically pressed. Both slip-cast and CIP samples were sintered at 1300 °C with a soaking time of 2 hrs. The mechanical properties of both samples were compared. The samples prepared by slip casting were denser compared with those prepared via CIP. Slip casting technique produced samples with 98.8% of the theoretical density, which resulted in the high Vickers hardness (11.4 GPa) of the slip-cast samples. Morphological studies revealed that the microstructures of the slip cast-sample were more homogeneous and contain no porosity. The formation of such a structure is due to the enhancement of the particle packing efficiency by slip casting as well as to the removal of larger agglomerates by colloidal processing prior to casting. As a consolidation stage, slip casting appears to be more suitable than the CIP technique in preparing reliable nanostructural ceramic parts.
Kuwat Triyana, Khairurrijal, Risa Suryana, Heru Susanto and Sutikno
N. F. Amat et al., "Comparison between Slip Casting and Cold Isostatic Pressing for the Fabrication of Nanostructured Zirconia", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 896, pp. 335-338, 2014