The Crystal Structure, Conductivity Character and Ionic Migration of Samarium Doped-Ceria (SDC) and its Composite with Sodium Carbonate
This paper discusses the crystal structure, the conductivity character and ionic migration inside Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (SDC) crystal and it’s composite with sodium carbonate salt, Na2CO3 (NSDC). XRD measurement equipped with Le Bail refinement shows that SDC crystallized in single phase of cubic with space group of Fm3m. The addition of Na2CO3 does not change the crystal structure of SDC however it increases the cell parameters. NSDC has a lower ionic conductivity than the SDC at the same temperature. However at 600 °C, SDC provides electronic conductivity which indicates the diffusion of electrons between the electrolyte and electrode caused by the reduction of Ce(IV) to Ce(III). It may cause a short circuit and the fuel cell performance if it is used as electrolyte. Meanwhile, NSDC still produces pure ionic conductivity at 600 °C which indicates a better chemical stability. Based on its capacitance values, it is known that the ionic conductivity of SDC is generated by migration of ions inside grain, while the conductivity of NSDC is generated by the migration of ions between grains or it is named as grain boundaries conductivity.
Kuwat Triyana, Khairurrijal, Risa Suryana, Heru Susanto and Sutikno
F. Rahmawati et al., "The Crystal Structure, Conductivity Character and Ionic Migration of Samarium Doped-Ceria (SDC) and its Composite with Sodium Carbonate", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 896, pp. 49-53, 2014