Cytocompatibility of Magnesium-Zinc-Calcium Alloys with Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Magnesium (Mg)-based alloys have attracted great interest as metallic biomaterials for orthopedic applications due to their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and mechanical properties that resemble those of cortical bone. However, the potential toxicity of alloying elements in commercially available Mg alloys makes it critical to engineer and screen new alloys specifically for biomedical applications. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the in vitrodegradation and cytocompatibility of two distinct Mg - Zinc (Zn) - Calcium (Ca) alloys (Mg-4%Zn-1%Ca and Mg-9%Zn-1%Ca, wt. %; abbreviated as ZCa41 and ZCa91, respectively) using a bonemarrow derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) model. Both Zn and Ca play critical roles in boneformation and growth, and have been shown to increase mechanical and corrosion properties of Mgalloys. BMSCs provide vertebrates the continuous supply of osteoblasts needed for bone remodelingand repair, and thus were selected to determine the effect of increasing Zn content on cell behavior.Surface microstructure and composition of the alloys were characterized before and after BMSC culture using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-rayspectroscopy (EDS). Thermanox® treated glass and plasma treated tissue culture polystyrene were used as a control and reference, respectively. Results indicated that the ZCa91 alloy improved BMSC adhesion as compared with ZCa41 alloy. The formation of high-aspect ratio needle-likefeatures on the surface of ZCa41 alloy after its degradation in cell culture media was speculated tocontribute to the lower cell adhesion. This study provided an early indication on cytocompatibility of Mg-Zn-Ca alloys for biomedical applications.
B. Mishra, M. Ionescu and T. Chandra
A. F. Cipriano et al., "Cytocompatibility of Magnesium-Zinc-Calcium Alloys with Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 922, pp. 1-6, 2014