Numerical Simulation of Synthetic Heat Transfer in Laminar Nanofluid in a Horizontal Pipe


Article Preview

In this study, the effect of solid-liquid volumetric ratio in laminar flow of nanofluid has been investigated numerically. The conservation equations are utilized in three dimensional elliptical forms for laminar and steady flow, and the effects of adding aluminum oxide nanoparticles to water based-fluid are studied. First, the influence of solid-liquid volumetric ratio on the secondary flow vortices, non-dimensional temperature is investigated for a flow with a fixed low Reynolds number and different Grashof numbers in a horizontal pipe. Then, the effect of variation in solid-liquid volumetric ratio on Nusselt number and convective heat transfer coefficient along the pipe is studied. The results of this study are in good agreement with the current literatures.



Edited by:

Zhang Mei




M. Mirzaei et al., "Numerical Simulation of Synthetic Heat Transfer in Laminar Nanofluid in a Horizontal Pipe", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 936, pp. 409-414, 2014

Online since:

June 2014




* - Corresponding Author

[1] K. V. Liu, S. U. Choi, K. E. Kasza, Measurements of pressure drop and heat transfer in turbulent pipe flows of particulate slurries, report, Argonne National Laboratory, aNL-88 15, (1988).

[2] L. R. Webb, Principles of enhancement heat transfer, John Wiely & sons, New York.

[3] X. Wang, X. Xu, S. U. S. Choi, Thermal conductivity of nanoparticle-fluid mixture, J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, vol. 13, No. 4, pp.474-480, (1999).

[4] S. Lee, S.U.S. Choi,S. Li,J.A. Eastman, Measuring Thermal Conductivity of fluids containing Oxide Nanoparticles, Int. J. ASME , Vol. 121 , pp.280-288, (1999).

[5] Q. Li, Y. Xuan, Experimental investigation on transport properties of nano fluid, heat Transfer Science and Technology, Wang Buxuan , edu., Higher Education, Press, pp.757-762, (2000).

[6] Y. Xuan, Q. Li, Heat transfer enhansment of nanofluids, Int. J. Heat and fluid flow, vol. 21, pp.58-64, (2000).

[7] B.C. Pak, Y. I. Cho, Hydrodynamic and heat transfer of dispersed fluid with submicron metallic oxide particles, Exp. Heat Transfer, vol. 11, pp.151-170, (1998).


[8] B.X. Wang, L.P. Zhou, X.F. Peng, A fractal model predicting the effective thermal conductivity of liquid with suspension of nanoparticles, Int. J. Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 46, (2003), pp.2665-2672.


Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.