4Ps Framework of Tooling Development and Management
4Ps (Proof of concept, Product development, Production, Product Retirement) framework of tooling development and management processes has been established to improve tooling design and manufacture workflow, communication, quality, OTD(On-Time Delivery). A creation of a scalable and flexible best-of-breed workflow from proof of concept phase to production retirement phase has been introduced and strongly supported the needs of each development team of tooling project. The creation and standardization of 4Ps framework have clearly identified and explored the activities, responsibilities and deliverables of tooling project team, throughout the tooling life cycle. Some toolmakers of famous IT companies have benefited considerably by applying these processes.
Zhengyi Jiang and Chunliang Zhang
Y. Q. Zhou et al., "4Ps Framework of Tooling Development and Management", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 97-101, pp. 3327-3331, 2010