Synthesis Method for Obtaining Anode-Supported Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Slip Casting
Several methods for processing tubular anodes for solid oxide fuel cells have been developed, but many of them are expensive and sophisticated, therefore, there is a great interest in researching the use of a simple process to produce them. In this paper, the results of using slip casting for processing minitubes of NiO-8YSZ with the dimensions of 100x5x1 mm are presented. This is a versatile method for obtaining complex geometries with a suitable surface finish and dimensional precision at low cost compared with ceramic processing which uses high energy consumption and/or has high startup costs. In order to carry out this study, an aqueous slurry of an oxide mixture of NiO-8YSZ with poly-etilenglycol as a dispersant agent was used. The modification of the ratio of water:ceramic powders, the composition NiO:x8YSZ (30, 50 and 70 in wt.) and the casting time (3 to 30 min) were also applied. The minitubes obtained were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and spectroscopy of dispersive energy (EDS). The results show that slip casting is an appropriate method to obtain NiO-8YSZ minitubes. Minitubes of varying composition (30, 50 and 70% in wt. of NiO) with dimensions of 100x5x1 mm were obtained showing an excellent porosity (higher than 96% in v/v) and a homogeneous distribution of NiO and 8YSZ particles. XRD analysis confirms the presence of starting oxides before and after the casting process.
Jesús García-Serrano, Ana Ma. Herrera-González, Juan Coreño-Alonso and Edgar Cardoso-Legorreta
I. L. Samperio-Gómez et al., "Synthesis Method for Obtaining Anode-Supported Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Slip Casting", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 976, pp. 70-74, 2014