Advanced Materials and Engineering

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Authors: Ming Gao, Chun Guang Song, Dan Rong, Yu Wen Ji
Abstract: Gangue as flame retardant was used to PVC, the mechanical properties and flame retardance of the samples were studied. The resultant data show that gangue little effect on the mechanical properties of the sample, especially tensile strength, yield stress, and 10% of gangue obtained good flame retardance. PVC treated with flame-retardants showed a high limiting oxygen index, char yield, which indicated that the flame retardance of the treated PVC was improved.
Authors: Jiang Yang, Yi Ning Zhou, Yong Jun Lu, Wei Xiang Cui, Xiao Hui Qiu, Bao Shan Guan, Yun Hong Ding
Abstract: A novel smart gel based on interpenetrating network of anionic polymer and surfactant was investigated. A supramolecular assembly structured gel is formed by associating polymer side chain with wormlike micelle of surfactant. The physical interaction of val der vaal and hydrogen bonding force between surfactant and polymer gives a strong viscoelastic gel at evaluated temperature. The viscoelastic properties and gel structure were characterized by dynamic rheometer and cryo-TEM. The polymer and VES complex gel is highly elastic, which elastic moduli G’ is higher than loss moduli G’’ at low angular frequency, 0.1 rad/s, in high temperature. The total concentration of surfactant and polymer is low which is economically to use in industries.
Authors: Thar M. Badri Albarody, Zahiraniza Bt Mustaffa, Mohd Shahir Liew
Abstract: Offshore industry has been welcoming to composite material for its saliences. Features such as corrosion and temperature resistance, construction cost reduction, and superb fatigue performance are some of the reasons for this choice. Steel tube-encased composite is an appropriate found composite replacement for traditional offshore construction. Regardless of all its advantages, they suffer from the interfacing problem between composite and steel layers; however, magnetostrictive nanofillers are proposed to increase the integration between the layers. Therefore, current effort is discussed the vibrational behavior of the proposed robust steel tube column as well as the actuation characteristics of the magnetostrictive nanofillers in encased composite. The result reveals that, the steel tube-encased composite columns exhibit greater stiffness in compare with traditional steel tube. Furthermore, magnetostrictive nanofillers have shown higher actuation capability of vibration at seismic mode.
Authors: Xiao Liang Fang, Wei Fang Zhang, Hong Xun Wang
Abstract: Piezoelectric material which can be used as both sensor and drive is an important kind of smart material. Studies on piezoelectric materials are now the research focus and hotspots of smart materials which have achieved fruitful results. This article describes the working principle of smart piezoelectric materials, provides an overview of the preparation progresses and application status, based on which the research and development trends are discussed.
Authors: Yu He Cheng, Biao Zhang, Shang Jiang Dai, Han Lin Tong, Li Xia Li
Abstract: A series of polystyrene-supported 1-(propyl-3-sulfonate)-3-methy-imidazolium hydrosulfate acidic ionic liquid (PS-[SO3H-PMIM][HSO4]) catalysts with different [SO3H-PMIM][HSO4] contents were prepared and tested for esterification of n-butyl alcohol with acetic acid. It was found that the reactivity of the catalyst increased with increasing [SO3H-PMIM][HSO4] content, and best yield of n-Butyl acetate of 98% was obtained using PS-[SO3H-PMIM][HSO4]1 within 1.5h. The catalytic activity of this catalyst decreased slightly after fifth using.
Authors: Nan Wu, Qing Hua Chen, Wei Ming Zhou, Mei Zhen Ke, Qing Rong Qian, Zhan Hui Yuan
Abstract: The SiO2-coated α-Al2O3 pearlescent pigment was prepared by liquid phase deposition (LPD). The effects of concentration of sodium silicate solution, reaction temperature and pH value of the aluminum oxide suspending liquid were systemically studied in this paper. The obtained samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that when the process parameters are the concentration of sodium silicate solution of 0.1 mol/L, the reaction temperature of 80 °C and the pH value of 9.0, the high quality of SiO2-coated α-Al2O3 pearlescent pigment could be obtained.
Authors: Han Yong Jeon
Abstract: 8 Geotextiles (; 4 woven and 4 nonwoven types), 4 geogrids and 2 geocomposites of [nonwoven/fibers/nonwoven] structure were used as raw materials and the different seaming methods were applied to compare the seam properties of 3 geosynthetics and transmissivity of geocomposites. Tensile strength retentions of these geosynthetics were evaluated as the degree of damage by chemical degradation. Woven geotextiles showed the higher seam strength in the order (SSd-1 < SSd-2) > (SSa-1 < SSa-2) > geospacer without regard to the design strength. For nonwoven geotextiles, the order of seam strength is geospacer > (SSa-1 < SSa-2). Geogrids showed the higher seam strength in the order of band > geospacers but reduction factors were increased in the order of band > geospacer without regard to the geogrid’s compositions. Finally, geocomposites showed the higher seam strength in the order of geospacer > (SSa-1 < SSa-2) but showed the transmissivity in the order of geospacer > (SSa-1 > SSa-2) without regard to the kinds of filled fibers and weight of geocomposite.
Authors: M. A. Alaa, Kamal Yusoh, S.F. Hasany
Abstract: Petroleum based polyurethanes are contributing major portions in the world requirement. To overcome the environmental issues and price adaptability, there is always a massive demand of utilization of renewable resources for polyurethane synthesis with comparable physico-chemical properties. Castor oil is the only major natural vegetable oil that contains a hydroxyl group (-OH) and unsaturated double bonds (C=C) in its organic chain and therefore can be employed with or without modification due to the excellent properties derived from the hydrophobic nature of triglycerides. In this study, physico-chemical properties of high performance polyurethane synthesized from Poly propylene glycol (PPG) in comparison with a combination of PPG and Castor oil (a renewable source), by in situ polymerization technique has been studied. The variations in properties of both types of polyurethanes are evaluated by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Thermogravimetric analysis technique (TGA). Tensile strength properties were investigated by Film Tensile testing equipment. Results indicated the presence of large-CH stretching in castor oil mixed polyurethane with a larger oxidative thermal stability, over a pure PPG polyurethanes. Tensile properties were found almost comparable in pure and mixed polymers, which signify the usage of mixed polymer in coming future, to overcome the environmental and economical crisis in polyurethanes synthesis.
Authors: Han Yong Jeon
Abstract: Swelling behaviors of powder and granular type sodium bentonites in permeate solutions such as NaCl, KCl, MgCl2, CaCl2, distilled water and in HCl and NaOH (with different pH values) under different temperatures were investigated. Swelling behaviors of these bentonites were dependent on strength, reactivity power and physical form of ion, and temperature and pH value of permeate solution. +1 ion solution showed higher swell volumes than +2 ion solution. Distilled water showed highest swell volumes among these tested solutions. Powder type sodium bentonite showed higher swells volume than granular type bentonite. Higher temperatures brought quickly the bentonite to a stable swell volume state. The pH value also affected on swelling volumes of bentonite as lower pH values (pH<3) increased and higher pH values (11<pH<12) decreased the swell volume of powder and granular type sodium bentonite.

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