Fabrication of α-TCP, HAp Functionally Graded Porous Beads
HAp (Hydroxyapatite) and α-TCP (alpha tribasic calcium phosphate) are non-toxic to human cells and, thus, have been studied for applications as biomaterials. HAp is a bioactive material that is not readily absorbed by the body; it offers both high strength and better tissueadhesive properties than α-TCP. In contrast, α-TCP is highly bioabsorbable; it is quickly absorbed by the body, and, therefore, for example, disappears before bone is completely replaced. If porous beads could be fabricated that would take advantage of the useful properties of α-TCP and HAp, they could be used as excellent scaffolds for cultivating cells. In the present study, ceramic beads with α-TCP at the center were fabricated and coated with a functionally graded film of HAp. A scaffold based on this configuration would be expected to have the following characteristics: good cell adhesion; strong beads; and a rate of absorption into the body that would be easy to control. In addition, to accelerate the formation of porous structure, some acid solutions were used to dissolve the beads surface layer and to penetrate pores toward inside of the bead. HAp formation through hydrolytic reaction seemed to be promoted by these acid solutions.
Pietro VINCENZINI and Danilo DE ROSSI
Y. Kajihata et al., "Fabrication of α-TCP, HAp Functionally Graded Porous Beads", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 57, pp. 135-138, 2008