Modelling Infiltration of Fibre Preforms From X-Ray Tomography Data
The production of high-quality Ceramic-Matrix Composites often includes matrix deposition by Chemical Vapour Infiltration (CVI), a process which involves many phenomena such as gas transport, chemical reactions, and structural evolution of the preform. Control and optimization of this high-tech process are demanding for modelling tools. In this context, a numerical simulation of CVI in complex 3D images, acquired e.g. by X-ray Computerized Microtomography, has been developed. The approach addresses the two length scales which are inherent to a composite with woven textile reinforcement (i.e. inter- and intra-bundle), with two numerical tools. The small-scale program allows direct simulation of CVI in small intra-bundle pores. Effective laws for porosity, internal surface area and transport properties as infiltration proceeds are produced by averaging. They are an input for the next modelling step. The second code is a large-scale solver which accounts for the locally heterogeneous and anisotropic character of the pore space. Simulation of the infiltration of a whole composite material part is possible with this program. Validation of these tools on test cases, as well as some examples on actual materials, are shown and discussed.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Maurizio FERRARI and Mrityunjay SINGH
G. L. Vignoles et al., "Modelling Infiltration of Fibre Preforms From X-Ray Tomography Data", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 71, pp. 108-117, 2010