Er3+/Yb3+/Ce3+ Co-Doped Fluoride Glass Ceramics Waveguides for Application in the 1.5µm Telecommunication Window
Er3+-doped fluoride glass ceramics planar waveguides containing LaF3 or binary LaF3- ZrF4 nanocrystals have been fabricated by Physical Vapour Deposition (PVD). A quantitative analysis of the photoluminescence for the 1.5μm emission band of Er3+ ions has demonstrated that erbium ions are partitioned in both crystals and vitreous phase; the solubility of Er3+ in the segregated LaF3 nanocrystals can reach 30 mol% and the emission bandwidth has been found to be greater than that of the precursor glass (71nm at the half-height width). In order to increase the luminescence of Er3+, codoping with Yb3+ and Ce3+ has been investigated. The high Er3+ concentration and spectral width could make this nanostructured fluoride material suitable for planar amplifier in the C telecommunication band.
Pietro Vincenzini, Maurizio Ferrari and Mrityunjay Singh
B. Boulard et al., "Er3+/Yb3+/Ce3+ Co-Doped Fluoride Glass Ceramics Waveguides for Application in the 1.5µm Telecommunication Window", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 71, pp. 16-21, 2010