Super-Hydrophilic PDMS and PET Surfaces for Microfluidic Devices
In this work the effect of air plasmas on wettability of Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was studied. These polymers are widely used materials in the fabrication of microfluidic devices. The microfluidic system fabricated from native PET and PDMS requires active pumping mechanism, due to a low hydrophilic surface behavior. To render hydrophilic and increase the capillary flow into the device, plasma treatments can be used. Air plasma treatment is an interesting technology for microfluidic fields due to simplicity of use and low cost. This study describes the effect of the working plasma pressure on wettability of polymers. The polymers were treated by RF plasma and the wettability was studied by means of sessile contact angle. The results established that the air plasma can increase the wettability of both polymers. Moreover we demonstrated that by optimizing the working pressure a superhydrophilic surface (with a contact angle less than 5°) can be obtained. The findings suggest that air plasma treatments are a suitable technology to enhance polymers surface wetting performance for microfluidic devices.
Pietro Vincenzini and Leandro Lorenzelli
R. Bartali et al., "Super-Hydrophilic PDMS and PET Surfaces for Microfluidic Devices", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 81, pp. 96-100, 2013