Electrocatalysts Based on Iron Phthalocyanine and Polyindole Supported on Carbon Nanotubes for Oxygen Reduction in DMFCs
Novel electrocatalysts from iron phthalocyanine (FePc) and polyindole (PID) supported on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been synthesized for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC). Two synthetic strategies have been proposed: i) preparation of PID on CNTs (PID/CNTs) through indole polymerization followed by the mechanical mixing of PID/CNTs with FePc (FePc_PID/CNTs); and ii) dispersion of polymerized PID, FePc, and CNTs in methanol and subsequent drying (FePc/PID/CNTs). The morphology of prepared catalysts was examined by SEM, and the electrochemical activity towards ORR was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry. FePc/PID/CNTs catalysts were found to have higher activity than that of FePc_PID/CNTs, due to a better dispersion of PID and FePc on carbon support, as demonstrated by SEM. Furthermore, in comparison with platinum on carbon black the prepared PID-based catalysts exhibited a stable ORR potential in both H2SO4 and H2SO4 + CH3OH solution. These new iron-based catalysts are thus promising to substitute platinum/carbon black at the cathode side of DMFC.
M.T. Nguyen et al., "Electrocatalysts Based on Iron Phthalocyanine and Polyindole Supported on Carbon Nanotubes for Oxygen Reduction in DMFCs", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 93, pp. 50-55, 2014