Effect of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Poly(Lactic Acid) and Poly(Butylene Succinate) Blends
Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) blended with poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) were prepared by using twin screw extruder and injection molding machine at various contents of PBS from 0-15 wt%. The surface of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles was treated using aminopropyl trimethoxy silane (ATS) order to disperse them into the biopolymer blends. The mechanical and thermal properties of PLA/PBS/TiO2 nanocomposites were investigated over a range of filler content 0-5 wt%. All samples with a wide range of TiO2 addition exhibit the translucency. The surface morphology showed that the addition of PBS at 10 wt% was miscible with PLA while the other contents of PBS exhibited phase separation in the blends. Additionally, a uniform dispersion of filler in the matrix existed when the nanoparticles content was less than 3 wt%. The surface treated nanoparticles played an important role in mechanical and thermal properties of the nanocomposites because of its well dispersion and strong interfacial interaction between the nanoparticles and PLA/PBS matrix.
A. Buasri et al., "Effect of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Poly(Lactic Acid) and Poly(Butylene Succinate) Blends", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 96, pp. 33-38, 2014