Mechanical Properties of Nanoceramic Zirconia Coatings on NiTi Orthodontic Wires
Nickel-titanium (NiTi) alloys have been largely applied in biomedical devices due to their special properties of superelasticity and shape memory. Even though NiTi generally displays good corrosion resistance and biocompatibility, mechanical fatigue and fretting-corrosion resistance remain important challenges in a number of applications, since it can accelerate nickel ions releasing, that have been reported as cytotoxic, mutagenic, and allergenic. This study aims to develop an appropriate coating to help delaying crack nucleation and corrosion in NiTi alloys. Zirconia (ZrO2) coating stands as a good candidate to improve the corrosion and wear resistance of metallic substrates and, in this work, it was obtained by electrodeposition on NiTi superelastic and shape memory orthodontic wires. The surface morphology and the chemical composition of the coated samples were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The mechanical response was evaluated by three-point bending tests. The results showed that the ZrO2 layer was uniform and well adhered to the NiTi subtract. Additionally, it was observed that this coating was capable of undergoing severe deformation without cracking, indicating a potential increase in fatigue resistance of the conjugate.
N. I. de A. Lopes et al., "Mechanical Properties of Nanoceramic Zirconia Coatings on NiTi Orthodontic Wires", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 97, pp. 147-152, 2017