The modified electrostatic model was applied to diffusion of 3d–5d transition metals in noble metals. A comparison of experimental and calculated temperature dependences of the diffusion coefficients permitted conclusions to be drawn with respect to the effective charges on solute atoms.

Application of the Modified Electrostatic Model to Diffusion of Transition Metals in Noble Metals. G.Neumann, V.Tölle, C.Tuijn: Physica B, 2005, 363[1-4], 7-18