Interdiffusion and Al Self-Diffusion in Iron-Aluminides
We have investigated interdiffusion in iron-aluminium alloys using single-phase interdiffusion couples of FexAl1−x–FeyAl1−y for three combinations of x and y for Al contents between 18 and 49.5 at. % Al. Experimental diffusion profiles were obtained from electron-microprobe analysis of the diffusion zone. Interdiffusion coefficients were deduced via the Sauer-Freise method taking into account volume changes. A temperature interval between 997 and 1447 K was covered in our experiments. Thermodynamic factors were obtained from two theoretical models and judged by an analysis of the Kirkendall effect in the diffusion couples. The Darken-Manning equation was used to deduce self-diffusion coefficients of aluminium from the present interdiffusion coefficients, the thermodynamic factors, the vacancy-wind factors, and the iron tracer diffusivities obtained recently at the M¨unster laboratory. The results show that Al diffusion is always slightly faster than Fe diffusion. The difference never exceeds a factor of three. This small difference indicates that Fe and Al diffusion in B2 ordered iron-aluminides are closely coupled.
M. Danielewski, R. Filipek, R. Kozubski, W. Kucza, P. Zieba, Z. Zurek
M. Salamon et al., "Interdiffusion and Al Self-Diffusion in Iron-Aluminides", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 237-240, pp. 444-449, 2005