Diffusion in the Interface Region of Ti/TiAl-Nb Bonding
Diffusion in the interface regions of lightweight heatproof quality titanium and titanium/aluminum alloys was investigated. We studied the diffusion of aluminum from intermetallide to titanium alloy. The concentration of other chemical elements and microhardness has been measured in diffusion region formed in the solid titanium alloy. The interface region includes a transition zone from the initially solid Ti-alloy and the molten TiAl-Nb intermetallic substrate. The width of the interface region after diffusion bonding is 45-60 µm. The titanium content decreases and aluminum content increases starting from surface up to 120-150 µm in depth in solid titanium alloy. As a result of diffusion, the intermetallic Ti3Al thin layer was formed in the transition zone in the Ti-alloy substrate. The microporosity was also formed in the interface region.
B.S. Bokstein and B.B. Straumal
L. A. Kommel "Diffusion in the Interface Region of Ti/TiAl-Nb Bonding", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 249, pp. 193-200, 2006