Diffusion and Segregation in Bulk Nanomaterials and Thin Layers
The data are presented for Ni selfdiffusion and Au heterodiffusion in nanocrystalline Ni. Volume diffusion coefficients are much greater than those for a coarse – grained polycrystals extrapolated from high temperatures. Interface diffusion parameters were calculated based on the assumption that B – kinetic regime is realized at temperature range more than 448 K, while C – kinetic regime is realised at temperatures less than 423 K. The consistency of obtained results with the proposed cluster diffusion model is discussed. Diffusion in Au – Cu thin films (from several tens to several hundreds nanometers) was studied with the use of the Rutherford Back Scattering, RBS, under the kinetic regime B (448 – 523 K). The RBS spectra were transformed in the concentration depth profiles for both volume and grain boundary (GB) diffusion. The triple products Pn = snδDn (sn is the enrichment coefficient, while δ is the nanograin boundary width) were calculated using Whipple model. As a result of this analysis the s – value for Cu – Au system was determined to be of the order of unity. The paper is focused on a difference between GB diffusion parameters in nano – and coarse grained materials.
Andreas Öchsner and José Grácio
B. S. Bokstein and O.N. Petrova, "Diffusion and Segregation in Bulk Nanomaterials and Thin Layers", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 258-260, pp. 475-482, 2006