Mass Transfer Modelling in an Acoustic-Assisted Osmotic Process
Ultrasounds are mechanical waves that produce different effects when travelling through a medium, some related to mass transfer (i.e. microstirring at the interface, the so called "sponge effect" and cavitations). Thus, ultrasound appears to be a way to reduce both the internal and external resistances in osmotic food drying processes. In this study, the influence of the ultrasounds on water and solute transports during osmotic processes of drying is evaluated. Two different systems have been studied, apple slabs immersed in 30ºBrix sucrose solution, and pork loin slabs in sodium chloride saturated brine. The mathematical modelling of the mass transfers has been carried out by assuming diffusional mechanism and considering the mutual effect between the two mass transfers, the water losses and solute gains. The mass transfer curves in the osmotic process of apple drying in sucrose solution were satisfactorily simulated by using a diffusional model considering independent mass fluxes. Nevertheless, this model did not allow for the accurate simulation of the water losses in the system constituted by pork-loin in saline solution. When the mass fluxes were considered mutually affected, the simulation was accurate for both cases water and solute transfer.
Andreas Öchsner and José Grácio
S. Simal et al., "Mass Transfer Modelling in an Acoustic-Assisted Osmotic Process", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 258-260, pp. 600-609, 2006