High-Temperature Oxidation of Fe- Si Alloys in the Temperature Range 900-1250°C
Exposure of metals and alloys to high temperatures leads to the formation of oxide scales, with a large impact on surface quality. The most important features of the oxide layer are its thickness, composition, structure, adherence and coherence. Temperature, time, gas atmosphere and chemical composition determine the growth of oxide layers. In this paper, the characteristics of the high temperature oxidation properties of Fe-Si alloys are discussed in terms of oxide growth mechanism, kinetics and phase morphology. The oxidation kinetics of different Fe-Si alloy steels in air, its scale structure and composition were investigated over the temperature range 900-1250°C. Oxidation experiments were performed in air, to analyse the oxidation process. Experiments were carried out in an electric furnace at temperatures ranging from 900 to 1250°C, for times between 16 and 7200s. Thus treated specimens were characterised by metallography and their scale thickness was measured by optical microscopy. Scale morphology was studied and scale composition confirmed by EDS (Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy) and EBSD (Electron Backscattered Diffraction) analysis. Results show that high temperature oxidation of Si- alloys presents the classic three layered oxide scale. On the grain boundaries in the scale, iron-silicate was found. Observations show a Sienrichment at the scale –metal interface. This enrichment is present in the form a mixed wustite-iron silicate (fayalite) phase, FeO-Fe2SiO4. A very rapid build-up of oxide occurs when a liquid phase, due to the wustite-fayalite eutectic, is present in the surface of the steel.
Andreas Öchsner and Graeme E. Murch
L. Suarez et al., "High-Temperature Oxidation of Fe- Si Alloys in the Temperature Range 900-1250°C", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 273-276, pp. 661-666, 2008