Microstructure Characterization by EBSD of Hot Rolled High-Silicon Steel
Non oriented electrical steels are soft magnetic materials used in the core of electrical motors. No preferential anisotropy of the electrical texture in the rolling plane is desired. Nowadays these special steels are mainly alloyed with Si, Al and some additives to improve the magnetic properties and to reach a good of formability. For (Si, Al)-concentrations higher than 2 wt.% the α- γ-α phase transformation is suppressed, resulting in a bcc crystalline structure from liquidus to room temperature. These electrical steels, which will be discussed in the paper, exhibit the lowest values of the magnetic losses. Hot rolling of FeSi electrical steels has been found to be one of the fundamental steps in producing these materials with optimum properties. The resulting properties, as well known, are determined by the type of magnetic textures and the structural inhomogeneities. Electron Backscattered Diffraction (EBSD) is a reliable tool for microstructural and texture characterization of different materials. Two compositions of electrical steel are studied by optical microscopy and EBSD, with special attention paid to characterize the grain morphology and its texture through thickness.
Andreas Öchsner and Graeme E. Murch
P. Rodriguez-Calvillo et al., "Microstructure Characterization by EBSD of Hot Rolled High-Silicon Steel ", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 273-276, pp. 69-74, 2008