X-Ray Characterization of Ag Impurities in Na1-xAgxCl
The alkali halide Na1-xAgxCl, with two different compositions (x = 0.03 and 0.10), was studied with regard to the Ag impurities in terms of the bonding and electron density distribution. X-ray single crystal data sets have been used for the purpose. The present analysis focused on the electron density distribution and hence the interaction between the atoms is clearly revealed by maximum entropy method (MEM) and multipole analyses. The bonding in these systems has been studied using two-dimensional MEM electron density maps on the (100) and (110) planes and onedimensional electron density profiles along the ,  and  directions. The mid-bond electron densities between atoms in these systems are found to be 0.175 e/Å3 and 0.183 e/Å3, respectively, for Na0.97Ag0.03Cl and Na0.90Ag0.10Cl. Multipole analysis of the structure has been performed for these two systems, with respect to the expansion/contraction of the ion involved.
David J. Fisher
R. Saravanan et al., "X-Ray Characterization of Ag Impurities in Na1-xAgxCl", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 278, pp. 33-44, 2008