Characterisation of the Oxide/Metal Interface of Fluorine Treated Titanium Aluminides
Surface modifications with well defined amounts of fluorine have proven to improve significantly the oxidation resistance of titanium aluminides and to offer the potential to decrease the sensibility of TiAl-based alloys against environmental embrittlement. By means of combined EPMA and SEM analyses the formation of an oxide layer on fluorine treated specimens was characterised. The thicknesses of the external oxide layer as well as the oxygen and nitrogen-rich subsurface layer were measured. Their growth kinetics was found to follow a cubic and a parabolic law, respectively. By subtracting the mass variation due to the ingress of oxygen and nitrogen into 2-Ti3Al, underneath the alumina layer, this allowed calculating the true value of the kinetic constant for the growth of a pure alumina layer on titanium aluminides.
A. Agüero, J.M. Albella, M.P. Hierro, J. Phillibert and F.J. Pérez Trujillo
P. J. Masset et al., "Characterisation of the Oxide/Metal Interface of Fluorine Treated Titanium Aluminides", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 289-292, pp. 397-404, 2009