Selected Observations in Phase Constituents, Growth Kinetics and Microstructural Development of Aluminides in U-Mo vs. Al and 6061 Diffusion Couples Annealed at 600°C
This paper presents selected experimental observations of phase constituents, growth kinetics, and microstructural development of aluminide phases that develop in solid-to-solid diffusion couples assembled with U-7wt.%Mo, U-10wt.%Mo and U-12wt.%Mo vs. Al and 6061 alloy after a diffusion anneal at 600°C for 24 hours. Scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron microprobe analysis, and transmission electron microscopy via focused ion beam in-situ lift-out were employed to characterize the interaction layer that develops by interdiffusion. While concentration profiles exhibited no significant gradients, microstructural analysis revealed the presence of extremely complex and nano-scale phase constituents with presence of orthorhombic--U, cubic-UAl3, orthorhombic-UAl4, hexagonal-U6Mo4Al43 and diamond cubic-UMo2Al20 phases. Presence of multi-phase layers with microstructure, which suggest a significant role of grain boundary diffusion, was observed.
A. Agüero, J.M. Albella, M.P. Hierro, J. Phillibert and F.J. Pérez Trujillo
E. Perez et al., "Selected Observations in Phase Constituents, Growth Kinetics and Microstructural Development of Aluminides in U-Mo vs. Al and 6061 Diffusion Couples Annealed at 600°C", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 289-292, pp. 41-49, 2009