Establishment of Thermally Grown Oxides upon the Early Oxidation Stages of Ni20Cr and Ni30Cr
The performance of Ni-based alloys at high temperature strongly depends on the formation of a protective chromia scale which prevents from fast growth NiO scale. The evolution of the oxide scales will be shown to be strongly dependent on the chromium content especially for the shortest oxidation times. Indeed, transient stages will be reported to condition the subsequent oxidation behavior at longer times until the oxidation rate constant becomes invariant. To this end, a comparative study on the outward and inward diffusion of species upon oxidation at 800°C for short times (0.5 / 1 / 2 / 4 / 8 h) has been evaluated on commercial available Ni20Cr and Ni30Cr alloys through in-situ Raman spectroscopy and supported by post-mortem X-ray diffraction (XRD) as well as scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy dispersive spectrometry (FEG-ESEM / EDS) investigations.
A. Agüero, J.M. Albella, M.P. Hierro, J. Phillibert and F.J. Pérez Trujillo
B. Bouchaud et al., "Establishment of Thermally Grown Oxides upon the Early Oxidation Stages of Ni20Cr and Ni30Cr", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 289-292, pp. 493-500, 2009