Proposed Model of Water Adsorption/Desorption in a PEM Membrane
This paper describes the processes of water adsorption and desorption in PE membranes for fuel cells. A simple equation is inferred assuming that the surface of the membrane is uniformly covered by adsorbed molecules to an average depth of some monolayers. The adsorption depth is only controlled by diffusion of adsorbate from the surface towards the bulk through a two-layer or multi-layer mechanisms; so the empty sites formed at the surface can accept further molecules of water. If the diffusion rate is fast enough, cumulative water uptake occurs. The uptake kinetics is described considering the average penetration depth, i.e. neglecting the local concentration spikes below a random number and position of empty sites statistically formed at the surface of the membrane. The model also describes the desorption process, assumed to start at a prefixed time.
Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch, Ali Shokuhfar and João M.P.Q. Delgado
S. Tosto et al., "Proposed Model of Water Adsorption/Desorption in a PEM Membrane", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 297-301, pp. 209-214, 2010