Characterization of the Intermetallic Compounds Formed during Hot Dipping of Electrical Steel in a Hypo-Eutectic Al-Si Bath


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In order to improve the magnetic properties of electrical steels, it may be desirable to increase the Si and/or Al content of the steel. A possible and alternative route to realize this is through the application of an Al-Si-rich coating on the steel substrate using a hot dipping process, followed by a diffusion annealing treatment. Previously, a series of compositions were used for dipping, namely: pure Al, Al + 10wt% Si (hypo-eutectic composition) and Al + 25wt% Si (hypereutectic composition). After these dipping experiments, and the subsequent evaluation of the coating and its formed intermetallic phases, the use of a hypo-eutectic Al-Si-bath was recommended for further investigation, because of certain advantages: i.e. hypo-eutectic concentrations allow lower dipping temperatures and reduce the formation of ordered Fe-Si-structures that cause brittleness in the coating and substrate. The present work reports on the results obtained on materials that were hot dipped in a hypo-eutectic Al-Si bath. An Al + 1wt%Si bath was used to coat electrical steel substrates with different silicon contents with dipping times, varying between 0 to 20 seconds, after a preheating of the samples to a temperature of 700°C. A thorough characterization of the formed intermetallics was made by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). Three different compounds were identified as Fe2Al5, FeAl3 and a nearly pure Al phase.



Defect and Diffusion Forum (Volumes 297-301)

Edited by:

Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch, Ali Shokuhfar and João M.P.Q. Delgado






I. I. Danzo et al., "Characterization of the Intermetallic Compounds Formed during Hot Dipping of Electrical Steel in a Hypo-Eutectic Al-Si Bath", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 297-301, pp. 370-375, 2010

Online since:

April 2010




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