Heat Transfer in Black Holes
In a universe in indefinite expansion, undetermined amounts of dark material suspended in the space-time continuum exist. The case of ‘sufficient’ amount of material contracted throughout time due to its density can occur. Using relativistic equations, in the present work a thermodynamic system was considered whose volume of control is limited by a gigantic mass that is suspended in space in order to predict its behavior. Given the obtained results, evidence of a certain quantized dark material in process of collapse or collapsed into a black hole can be argued. The heat transfer of the black hole was measure through entropy change with respect to the time and other forms of energy, it was determined that the hole emits particles to surroundings from its event horizon (black hole ‘shining’). The emissions are proportional to the disappearance of the hole; they are candidates to integrate the “baby universes" of Hawking with new histories that satisfy the theorem "a black hole has no hair".
Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch, Ali Shokuhfar and João M.P.Q. Delgado
R. L. Corral Bustamante et al., "Heat Transfer in Black Holes", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 297-301, pp. 708-714, 2010