Two Phase Dynamic Model for Gas Phase Propylene Copolymerization in Fluidized Bed Reactor
A two-phase model is proposed for describing the dynamics of a fluidized bed reactor used for polypropylene production. In the proposed model, the fluidized bed is divided into an emulsion phase and bubble phase where the bubble phase flow pattern is assumed to be plug flow and the emulsion phase is considered to be perfectly mixed. Similar previous models consider the reaction in the emulsion phase only. In this work the contribution of reaction in the bubble phase is considered and its effect on the overall polypropylene production is investigated. The kinetic model combined with hydrodynamic model in order to develop a comprehensive model for gas-phase propylene copolymerization reactor. Simulation profiles of the proposed model were compared with those of well mixed model for the emulsion phase temperature. The simulated temperature profile showed a lower rate of change compared to the previously reported models due to lower polymerization rate. Model simulation showed that about 13% of the produced polymer comes from the bubble phase and this considerable amount of polymerization in the bubbles should not be neglected in any modeling attempt.
Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch and João M.P.Q. Delgado
A. Shamiri et al., "Two Phase Dynamic Model for Gas Phase Propylene Copolymerization in Fluidized Bed Reactor", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 312-315, pp. 1079-1084, 2011