Physics on the Top of the Tip: Atomic Transport and Reaction in Nano-Structured Materials


Article Preview

Nanoscale systems show a wide variety of physical properties that cannot be observed in the bulk. Using atom probe tomography, it is possible to study nanostructured materials with almost atomic resolution in all three dimensions. In this article, we will present a short review of the latest atom-probe measurements carried out at University of Münster with particular focus on diffusion and segregation measurements in triple junctions and interface analysis.



Defect and Diffusion Forum (Volumes 323-325)

Edited by:

I. Bezverkhyy, S. Chevalier and O. Politano




G. Schmitz et al., "Physics on the Top of the Tip: Atomic Transport and Reaction in Nano-Structured Materials", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 323-325, pp. 3-10, 2012

Online since:

April 2012




[1] S. Divinski and G. Wilde: Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 584-586 (2008) p.1012.

[2] P. Stender, Z. Balogh and G. Schmitz: Phys. Rev. B 83 (2011) 121407(R).

[3] J.W. Cahn and J.E. Hilliard: J. Chem. Phys. 28 (1958) p.258.

[4] Z. Erdelyi, I.A. Szabo and D.L. Beke: Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (2002) 165901.

[5] G. Schmitz, C-B. Ene and C. Nowak: Acta Mater. 57 (2009) p.2673.

[6] G. Schmitz, D. Baither, M. Kasprzak, T.H. Kim and B. Kruse: Scripta Mater. 63 (2010) p.487.

[7] R. Nakamura, D. Tokozakura, H. Nakajima, J.G. Lee and H. Mori: J. Appl. Phys. 101 (2007) 074303.

[8] M.K. Miller: J. Mater. Sci. 41 (2006) p.7808.

[9] E.W. Müller Z. Physik: 131 (1956) p.136.

[10] P. Stender, C. Oberdorfer, M. Artmeier, P. Pelka, F. Spaleck and G. Schmitz: Ultramicroscopy 107 (2007) p.726.


[11] R. Schlesiger, C. Oberdorfer, R. Wurz, G. Greiwe, P. Stender, M. Artmeier, P. Pelka, F. Spaleck and G. Schmitz: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81 (2010) 043703.


[12] Y.S. Ng and T.T. Tsong: Surf. Sci. 78 (1978) p.419.

[13] M.R. Chellali, Z. Balogh, L. Zheng and G. Schmitz: Scripta Mater. 65 (2011) p.343.

[14] D. Blavette, E. Cadel, A. Frackiewicz and A. Menand: Science 286 (1999) p.2317.

[15] P. Stender, T. Heil, H. Kohl and G. Schmitz: Ultramicroscopy 109 (2009) p.612.

[16] G. Palumbo, S.J. Thorpe and K.T. Aust: Scripta Materialia 24 (1990) p.1347.

[17] J.W. Gibbs: The Collected Works (Longmans, Green and Co, New York, 1928 ).

[18] D. McLean: Grain Boundaries in Metals (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1957).

[19] G. Gottstein, L. Shvindlerman and B. Zhao: Scripta Mater. 62 (2010) p.914.

[20] S.V. Divinski, F. Hisker, Y. -S. Kang, J. -S. Lee, Ch. Herzig: Acta Mater. 52 (2004) p.631.

[21] J. C. Fisher, J. Appl. Phys. 22 (1951) p.74.

[22] M.R. Chellali, Z. Balogh and G. Schmitz submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

[23] P. Stender, Z. Balogh and G. Schmitz: Ultramicroscopy 111 (2011) p.524.

[24] M.B. Stearns, C.H. Chang and D.G. Stearns: J. Appl. Phys. 71 (1992) p.187.

[25] E.Y. Tsymbal and D.G. Pettifor: Solid State Phys.: 56 (2001) p.113.

[26] G. Schmitz, C. Ene, H. Galinski, R. Schlesiger and P. Stender: JOM 62 (2010) p.58.


[27] Z. Erdelyi, M. Sladecek, L. -M. Stadler, I. Zizak, G.A. Langer, M. Kis-Varga, D.L. Beke and A. Sepiol: Science 316 (2004) p. (1913).

[28] R.S. Barnes: Proc. Phys. Soc. B. 98 (1952) p.512.

[29] Z. Erdelyi, Ch. Girardeaux, Zs. Tokei, D.L. Beke, Cs. Cserhati and A. Rolland: Surf. Sci. 496 (2002) p.129.


[30] Z. Balogh, M.R. Chellali, G.H. Greiwe, G. Schmitz and Z. Erdelyi: submitted to Appl. Phys. Lett. (2011).

[31] C. Ene, C. Nowak, C. Oberdorfer and G. Schmitz: Ultramicroscopy 109 (2009) p.660.

[32] B. Kruse, D. Baither and G. Schmitz: Scripta Mater 62 (2010) p.144.

[33] M. Kasprzak, D. Baither and G. Schmitz: Acta Mater 59 (2011) p.1734.