Design and Construction of a Slow Positron Beam for Solid and Surface Investigations
On the basis of the design and construction of the slow positron beam SPONSOR at the Helmholtz-Centre Dresden-Rossendorf an example is given how to build-up a simple slow positron beam for solid surface investigations within a short time and without high financial costs. The system uses a 22Na source and consists of three main parts: (1) the source chamber with a thin film tungsten moderator used in transmission, and a pre-accelerator stage, (2) the vacuum system with magnetic transport, a bent tube for energy selection and an accelerator, (3) the sample chamber with a sample holder, Ge detectors and (4) facilities for remote control and data acquisition. These parts are described in detail. The paper is preferentially addressed to beginners in the field of slow positron beam techniques and other readers being generally interested in positron annihilation spectroscopy.
B.N. Ganguly and G. Brauer
W. Anwand et al., "Design and Construction of a Slow Positron Beam for Solid and Surface Investigations", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 331, pp. 25-40, 2012