Interdiffusion: Consistency of Darken's and Onsager's Methods
The Nernst-Planck flux formula is used in Darken's method to obtain the interdiffusion fluxes. The effective interdiffusion potentials, derived for the independent components in the system, allow obtaining the symmetrical matrix of the interdiffusion coefficients. The transport coefficients for 2, 3 and r-component system are presented. Interpretation of obtained matrixes in the light of Onsager's theory of irreversible thermodynamics is shown. Equation for the entropy production in the interdiffusion process is displayed. The presented approach allows calculation of entropy production during interdiffusion, as well as formulating Onsager's phenomenological coefficients for the interdiffusion in an explicit form, a form which is directly correlated with the mobilities of the atoms present in the system.
S.V. Divinski, H. Bracht and N.A. Stolwijk
J. Dąbrowa et al., "Interdiffusion: Consistency of Darken's and Onsager's Methods", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 363, pp. 29-34, 2015