An Embedded Ghost-Fluid Method for Compressible Flow in Complex Geometry
We present an embedded ghost-fluid method for numerical solutions of the compressible Navier Stokes (CNS) equations in arbitrary complex domains. The PDE multidimensional extrapolation approach of Aslam  is used to reconstruct the solution in the ghost-fluid regions and impose boundary conditions at the fluid-solid interface. The CNS equations are numerically solved by the second order multidimensional upwind method of Colella  and Saltzman . Block-structured adaptive mesh refinement implemented under the Chombo framework is utilized to reduce the computational cost while keeping high-resolution mesh around the embedded boundary and regions of high gradient solutions. Numerical examples with different Reynolds numbers for low and high Mach number flow will be presented. We compare our simulation results with other reported experimental and computational results. The significance and advantages of our implementation, which revolve around balancing between the solution accuracy and implementation difficulties, are briefly discussed as well.
Antonio F. Miguel, Luiz Rocha and Andreas Öchsner
M. Al-Marouf and R. Samtaney, "An Embedded Ghost-Fluid Method for Compressible Flow in Complex Geometry", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 366, pp. 31-39, 2016