Preparation and Characterization of Composite Membrane Chitosan-Silica-Polyethylene Glycol
Chitosan membrane (Ch) has mechanical stability, physical, and chemical low thus limiting their application to a variety of purposes. Therefore in this study examined the effect of adding silica and polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the mechanical properties, physical, and chemical chitosan-based membranes. A source of silica used is tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). Composite membrane Chitosan-silica-PEG (Ch/Si/P) was prepared using the sol-gel process and characterized morphology, crystallinity, and changes in functional groups. In general, the addition of silica in the preparation of composite membrane Ch/Si, increases tensile strength, Young's Modulus, pore size distribution, as well as lower percent Elongation but does not affect the crystallinity and the change of functional groups on the membrane. The addition of PEG on manufacture composite membrane Ch/Si/P, increases the percent Elongation, Young's Modulus decrease and decreased pore size distribution, but does not affect the crystallinity, as well as to changes in the functional groups on the membrane. The results showed that membrane with a mass ratio of chitosan/silica/PEG of 1:0.7:0.5 have a maximum percent Elongation and the minimum Young's Modulus.
Prof. Takahiro Ohashi and Muhammad Yahaya
F. W. Mahatmanti et al., "Preparation and Characterization of Composite Membrane Chitosan-Silica-Polyethylene Glycol", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 382, pp. 3-6, 2018