Barrier Properties Analysis of Polyethylene Terephthalate Films (PET) Coated with Natural Polyphenolic and Gelatin Mixture (PGM)
The food packaging material provides protection against moisture, heat, enzymes, oxygen penetration etc. The shelf life of food can be increased by coating barrier materials on plastic films. In this work the oxygen transfer rate (OTR) and water vapour permeability (WVP) of Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films were adjusted via coating of Polyphenols and Gelatin mixture (PGM) with different concentrations while maintaining the other properties of modified PET films. This article deals with the changes in properties of PGM coated PET films with some innovative ideas of multilayer film formulation. Polyphenolics were extracted from Terminalia Catappa (Indian almond), Camellia sinensis (Green tea leaves) and Trachyspermumammi (Ajwain). The results showed that WVP was decreased from 1.0±0 to 0.12±0.03 g/in2/day (p < 0.01) in comparison with uncoated (1.3±0.07g/in2/day). Similarly, same trend was obtained for OTR (63.5±0.02 to 38.1±0.03g/in2/day) with respect to uncoated film (82 ± 3.5). This study provides important evidence that addition of PGM on PET films leads to improved films in terms of OTR and WVP with minor changes in optical properties.
Prof. Takahiro Ohashi and Muhammad Yahaya
S. Ishtiaque et al., "Barrier Properties Analysis of Polyethylene Terephthalate Films (PET) Coated with Natural Polyphenolic and Gelatin Mixture (PGM)", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 382, pp. 38-43, 2018