Redistribution of Metallic Impurities in Si during Annealing and Oxidation: W and Fe
Atomic redistribution of W and Fe in Si were studied using secondary ion mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy. W diffusion experiments performed during isothermal annealing and during Si oxidation show that W atoms should use at least two different diffusion mechanisms. Experimental diffusion profiles can be well simulated by considering the simultaneous use of three different W diffusion mechanisms: the dissociative and the kick-out mechanisms, as well as an original mechanism based on the formation of a W-Si self-interstitial pair located on the interstitial Si sub-lattice. Fe redistribution was studied during the oxidation of a Fe-contaminated Si wafer. Fe is shown to be first pushed-out in Si by the mobile SiO2/Si interface, and thus to form Fe silicides precipitates at this interface. The silicide precipitates, which can exhibit a core-shell structure, appear to move with the SiO2/Si interface thanks to an oxidation/dissolution mechanism in the SiO2 and a nucleation/growth mechanism in the Si matrix. Furthermore, the rate difference between Si and Fe silicide precipitate oxidation leads to the formation of Si pyramidal defects at the SiO2/Si interface.
Prof. Eugen Rabkin, Amy Novick-Cohen, Leonid Klinger and Nachum Frage
A. Portavoce et al., "Redistribution of Metallic Impurities in Si during Annealing and Oxidation: W and Fe", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 383, pp. 17-22, 2018