Selective Laser Sintering of Poly(L-Lactide) Porous Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of utilizing selective laser sintering (SLS) to build 3D porous tissue engineering scaffolds from small quantities of poly(L-lactide) (PLLA). PLLA microspheres with suitable particle sizes for the SLS process were produced by the oil-in-water emulsion solvent evaporation technique. A miniature build platform was designed, fabricated and incorporated in an existing Sinterstation® 2000 system to enable small quantities of polymer powder to be used for the production of 3D porous scaffolds. Trial runs were first performed using the DuraForm™ polyamide powder and interfacing problems between the miniature build platform and the existing machine were solved. Then 3D porous scaffolds were successfully built from the PLLA microspheres using the modified SLS machine. This study paved the way for further comprehensive studies on selective laser sintering of tissue engineering scaffolds using expensive biopolymers and their composites.
S.H. Lee et al., "Selective Laser Sintering of Poly(L-Lactide) Porous Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering", Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Vol. 1, pp. 81-89, 2009