Laser Induced Etching for Generation of Si Nanocrystals and Spectroscopic Investigation of Morphology
Laser-induced etching of silicon is used to generate silicon nanocrystals. The pore structure depends on the substrate type and etching laser wavelength. Porous silicon (PS) samples prepared by Nd:YAG laser (1.16 eV) etching of n-type substrate showed a fairly uniform and highly interconnected network of nearly circular pores separated by thin columnar boundaries, while no circular pits were produced by argon- ion laser (2.41 eV) etching under similar conditions. The size and size distribution of the nanocrystals are investigated by Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopies and analyzed within the framework of quantum confinement models.
M. Gupta and Christina Y.H. Lim
H.S. Mavi et al., "Laser Induced Etching for Generation of Si Nanocrystals and Spectroscopic Investigation of Morphology", Journal of Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials, Vol. 23, pp. 43-46, 2005