Weakly Stable Structural-Phase States of a Submicrocrystalline Alloy Grade 2 in the Weld Zone Obtained Using Electron-Beam Welding
The structural-phase state of weld joints of the samples of Grade 2 alloys with micro- and submicrocrystalline structure is studied using methods of X-ray diffraction analysis. The weld joint was obtained by joining plates with a thickness of 2 mm using the electron-beam welding method. It is established that the transfer of the titanium alloy Grade 2 from the microcrystalline state into the submicrocrystalline state during the process of gradual grinding of grains in the samples by the abc-pressing method at a parallel stepwise decrease of the temperature in the range of 750-500 °C leads to an intensive introduction of oxygen atoms into the crystalline lattice of the solid solution a-Ti. The presence of an increased content of oxygen atoms in the crystalline lattice of the solid solution a-Ti in the submicrocrystalline state in the Grade 2 alloy in the weld zone and in the heat-affected zone promotes the formation of metastable phases w-Ti and α''-Ti. The obtained results made it possible to assume that in the process of electron-beam welding in the Grade 2 alloy in the submicrocrystalline state, an increased concentration of interstitial oxygen atoms in the crystalline lattice of the solid solution based on a–Ti plays a significant role in the formation of a wide range of structural-phase states in the weld zone and in the heat-affected zone.
Mikhail D. Starostenkov, Aleksandr I. Potekaev, Sergey V. Dmitriev and Prof. P. Ya. Tabakov
K.A. Kurgan et al., "Weakly Stable Structural-Phase States of a Submicrocrystalline Alloy Grade 2 in the Weld Zone Obtained Using Electron-Beam Welding", Journal of Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials, Vol. 30, pp. 60-66, 2018